INDIAN CARPETS– A Carpet is a textile floor covering consisting of an upper layer of pile attached to backing. The term carpet is used interchangeably with rugs. Carpets are used for a variety of purposes, including insulating a person’s feet from cold tile or concrete floor. This makes a room more comfortable place to sit on the floor and it adds decor to the room. It enhances the beauty of the room.
Carpets are produced on a loom quite similar to woven fabric, made using needle felts, knotted by hand (in oriental rugs ) , made with their pile injected into a backing material called Tufting, flat woven made by hooking wool or cotton through the meshes of a sturdy fabric or embroidered.
VARIETIES OF INDIAN CARPETS– There are a numerous number of Indian carpets. Ever since the first carpet was woven in India, carpet industry has grown invariably. Today, carpets in India are woven by hand or in proper loom. Though silk carpets and Indian wool carpets are the most popular, cotton, jute, bamboo, grass and coir are also used to make these attractive Indian floor coverings.
Dating back from history there are various types of carpets as-
MUGHAL STYLE OF CARPETS – These are the type of carpets that are considered to be the oldest in India. Over the course of 17th century the local artists slowly replaced the artisans of Persia. These artists work according to the taste of Indian people. The Mughal style of carpet was mostly influenced by the passion of Akbar’s son Jahangir whose choice of florals have left an important impact on the carpet designing. Although under the reign of Shah Jahan carpets reached full expressive maturity, evident in the perfect realism of its renderings and close attention to detail.
ANTIQUE STYLE OF CARPETS – These carpets are priced at high rates in India. The design of these carpets date back to the history.
FLORAL RUGS OR FLORAL CARPETS– They are the most common type of Indian carpets. They are mostly attributed to Lahore.
PORTUGUESE CARPETS– They are quite similar to the Persian carpets and are attributed to Northern or Southern Persia or to the Portuguese colony in Goa. Besides the people in European dress that appear on these carpets the Indian origin hypothesis is supported particularly by mixture of vibrant colors.
The Carpets in INDIA are classified according to the various areas of the country as-
CARPETS OF WESTERN INDIA– Carpets of Western India are clearly distinguished from the central and Northern India. The carpets from Rajasthan are traditionally well known for fine quality hand knotted woollen fibres. Jaipur, Ajmer & Bikaner are the main centres of this craft in Rajasthan. They are made in smaller towns as Tonk, Chaksu, Manaharpura and Barmer. The traditional designs include Dushala, Charkona, Mehrab and Shikhar patterns. Durries is a special type of carpet manufactured in Rajasthan. This area is shopper’s paradise for carpet buyers.
CARPETS OF NORTHERN INDIA– The North India handicrafts which consists of the states of Haryana, Punjab, HP, Rajasthan, J & K and Chandigarh are in the art of weaving carpets. Hand knotted pure silk carpets of Kashmir are world famous for their softness and craftsmanship. Panipat is a city of textiles and carpets. It is known for its handloom products , including Durries, Carpets, Mats, Curtain cloth and bedsheets earning it the sobriquet ‘’CITY OF WEAVERS’’ As the biggest centre for ‘’SHODDY YARN’’ in the world and export of the handloom products to the developed countries such as Japan, Canada, Australia and Germany, Panipat has earned a pride of place in the international market.
Carpets of UP & Haryana are particularly known across the globe for its unique colours and designs. Employment in UP constitutes almost 90% of the carpet weaves. BHADOHI, MIRZAPUR, AGRA & PANIPAT are the major carpet hubs. Among them Bhadohi requires a special mention as 500 odd villages are completely dependent on carpet business. The speciality is their unique designs. One of the popular designs among them is called the ‘’Sculpture Design’’ that uses clippings of the thread around the helm and give it a 3-D structure.